Arvidsson had success right away, winning a silver medal in 2008-09 with Swedish club Skelleftea at the under-18 level and helping and helping Sweden win bronze at the World Under-17 Challenge in 2009. At the 2010 Ivan Hlinka Memorial Cup, Arvidsson tied Ryan Nugent-Hopkins, the No. 1 pick in the 2011 NHL Draft, for the lead in goals (five), helping Sweden to a bronze medal.
In 2011 he had three goals and six points as Skelleftea lost in the Swedish junior league final for the first of two consecutive seasons. He joined Skelleftea's under-18 team for seven 2011 playoff games, ranking fifth among all skaters with 10 points. Arvidsson won silver with Sweden at the 2011 Under-18 World Championship, getting one assist in five games.