Caleb Jones was chosen by the Edmonton Oilers in the fourth round (No. 117) of the 2015 NHL Draft. He was traded to the Chicago Blackhawks on July 12, 2021. His older brother, Seth Jones, a defenseman, also plays for the Blackhawks. Caleb and Seth played their first game as NHL teammates when the Blackhawks defeated the Seattle Kraken, 4-2 on Nov. 18, 2021. His father, Popeye Jones, played 11 seasons in the NBA and is an assistant coach for the Denver Nuggets.
Caleb played for Portland of the Western Hockey League, the USA Hockey National Team Development Program and signed an entry-level contract with the Oilers on April 7. 2016. He played a full season for Bakersfield of the American Hockey League in 2017-18 and was recalled by the Oilers on Dec. 12, 2018 following an injury to defenseman Oscar Klefbom.