Burke will serve as general manager and Poile his assistant GM. Burke is president and GM of the Toronto Maple Leafs while Poile has the same titles with Nashville.
The tournament is scheduled from May 7-23 in Cologne, Gelsenkirchen and Mannheim, Germany.
USA Hockey also announced that Islanders head coach Scott Gordon will take over behind the bench at the world championships. Gordon was an assistant to Leafs head coach Ron Wilson at the Olympics.
Todd Richards, head coach of the Minnesota Wild, and Ron Rolston, one of two head coaches at USA Hockey's national team development program, will serve as Gordon's assistants.
The American team will be chosen by Jim Johannson, USA Hockey's assistant executive director for hockey operations, and NHL general managers Paul Holmgren (Philadelphia Flyers), Dean Lombardi (L.A. Kings), Ray Shero (Pittsburgh Penguins) and Don Waddell (Atlanta Thrashers).
Team USA opens the 2010 IIHF World Men's Championship against host Germany on May 7. The game will be played at Gelsenkirchen's VELTINS-Arena, home of the German soccer league's FC Schalke. The contest is expected to be played in front of a world record crowd of more than 76,000 spectators.