Afinogenov joins five teammates competing for Russia at the Olympics for the third time – Ilya Bryzgalov, Pavel Datsyuk, Andrei Markov, Sergei Fedorov and Ilya Kovalchuk (Sergei Gonchar is playing in his fourth). At the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake, he won a bronze medal and finished tied for the lead in team scoring with four points (2-2-4).
As a member of the gold medal-wining Russian team at the 2008 World Championship, he tallied five goals in eight games to finish tied for third on the team. He played on a line with fellow 2010 Olympian Alexander Radulov.
At the 1999 World Junior Championship, he was named the tournament’s Best Forward and was the team’s top scorer with eight points (3-5-8) as Russia won the gold medal with an overtime victory over Canada.
Afinogenov was childhood friends with fellow 2010 teammate Sergei Gonchar and they first won an international medal together at the 1998 World Junior Championship – Russia lost to Finland in the final to capture the silver.