The team's first general manager, Art Ross, came up with the team's nickname. "Bruins" is an Old English word used for brown bears in classic folk tales. The nickname went along with the team's original color scheme of brown and yellow, which came from the team's first owner, Charles Adams. Adams owned a grocery store chain called First National Stores.
The Bruins won their inaugural game against the Montreal Canadiens on December 1, 1924 by a score of 2-1. They only went on to win 5 more games that year, compiling a 6-24-0 record for last place.
They greatly improved in their third season, reaching the Stanley Cup Final, even though they finished the regular season only one game above .500. They lost to the Ottawa Senators, but that experience helped them as two years later they beat the Rangers for their first championship.
The Bruins’ success continued throughout the following regular season as the team won 38 out of 44 games, a .875 winning percentage representing an NHL record that still stands today. Their success couldn’t lift them to a win over the Canadiens in the Cup Final, however.
The team dominated throughout the 1930s, leading the League's standings five times, but couldn't carry that success into the playoffs until 1939. That same season, the team changed its colors from the original brown and yellow to the current black and gold. The Bruins brought their second Stanley Cup back to Boston that same year.
Two seasons later the Bruins only lost 8 games, going 27-8-13 for 67 points, and carried their success throughout the playoffs, culminating in a sweep of the Red Wings in the Cup Final to capture their third Cup.
The Bruins saw their fair share of success over the next 29 years but it all came together in the early 1970s when they captured two Cups in three years (1969-1970 and 1971-1972). In the 1970 Cup Final, Orr scored the game-winning goal in overtime of Game 4. The Cup was only one of the many awards Orr won that season, as he took home The Norris Trophy, the Art Ross Trophy, the Conn Smythe Trophy and the Hart Memorial Trophy, the only player to win all four in one season.
Since their success throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the Bruins have stayed competitive in the Eastern Conference and are looking to build around a young nucleus of talent which includes newcomer Nathan Horton and stalwarts Patrice Bergeron and Milan Lucic.